Ukraine Peace Agreement
On 13, Oct 2021 | In Uncategorized | By Bill
Minsk-2 followed the Minsk 1 agreement, negotiated in September 2014. The talks began after Russian-backed separatists launched an offensive that could have led to the encirclement of Debaltsev, a strategic transport node between the cities of Donetsk and Luhansk. Putin says both sides must abide by the terms of the 2015 Minsk ceasefire agreement. However, this framework for peace was soon violated and Ukraine wants to regain full control of its borders before the elections in Donbass, and not according to the Minsk Convention. Washington`s position is more complex. President Donald Trump has expressed support for a compromise agreement, while at times accepting Kiev`s narrative of Moscow as unworthy and without merit. [fn] Vivian Salama and Rebecca Ballhaus, “Trump`s View of Ukraine as Corrupt Took Shape Early,” The Wall Street Journal, November 16, 2019; “Trump to Zelenskiy: I really hope you get together with Putin, “solve your problem,” RFE/RL, September 25, 2019. In political statements and remarks, U.S. officials support the Minsk agreements and claim that Russia is the party violating the agreements. Indeed, a large set of US (and European) sanctions against Russia is explicitly linked to Moscow`s assessed non-compliance with agreements. [fn] Crisis Group Europe Report N°256, Peace in Ukraine (I): A European War, April 27, 2020.Hide footnote To add another twist, some of these figures have criticized the agreements.
Kurt Volker, before being Washington`s chief envoy for Ukraine in 2017 (a position he has since left), was quoted as saying that the deals “are not a solution, but a problem, because they essentially legitimize the Russian invasion of Ukraine.” [fn] Wayne Lee, “Минские договоренности – `это соглашение о разделе Украины`, [“Minsk agreements `are an agreement for the division of Ukraine`,” Voice of America, June 24, 2015. Volker`s quote is an English translation of a Russian translation of an English commentary. It may not exactly match his original lyrics. Hide the footnote In the midst of a great reduction in violence, after an agreement to resume the implementation of Minsk II, concluded on September 1, the four Normandy held a meeting on October 2. At the meeting, it was agreed that the elections in the conflict zone will be held in accordance with Minsk II.  To do this, French President François Hollande said the elections should be postponed to 2016, as it would take three months to prepare for them.  Russian President Vladimir Putin has declared himself ready to use his influence to prevent the DVR and the LPR from holding early elections.  As a result, the DVR and the LPR announced on October 6 that their scheduled elections had been postponed to February 21, 2016.  On October 25, 2015, municipal elections were held in the rest of Ukraine. After the postponement, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said that if OSCE observers verified that the planned elections in the separatist regions were in accordance with Ukrainian legislation and Minsk II, the “special status law” for these territories would enter into force immediately.  Germany and France have mediated between Ukraine and Russia since the signing of a peace agreement in the Belarusian capital, Minsk, in 2015, but implementation efforts have stalled.
Successive attempts to resolve the ongoing war in the Donbass region of Ukraine had not been successful until early February 2015.  While the Minsk Protocol of September 5, 2014 significantly reduced fighting in the conflict zone for many months, minor skirmishes continued. In early January 2015, the separatist forces of the Donetsk People`s Republic (DVR) and the Luhansk People`s Republic (LPR) launched a new offensive on territories controlled by Ukraine, leading to the total collapse of the Minsk Protocol.  After heavy fighting, DVR troops on January 21 conquered donetsk`s important symbolic international airport, the last part of the city of Donetsk, which was under Ukrainian control. . . .